As of 2019, Volkswagen sold over 35 million Golfs
Now in its eighth generation, we look back at the history of Volkswagen’s hugely popular hatchback
The Volkswagen Golf has become a reference point in the hatchback world, a design which has evolved continuously in small percentages here and there to make it one of the most capable and all-encompassing cars we’ve ever seen.
And it does all this whilst still retaining the essential character of the original.
Named after the Golfstrom, the German for gulfstream, the Mk1 Golf first appeared in 1974, when the hatchback genre itself was in its infancy. The Golf was arguably the car that turned the sector into the colossal market it is today.
46 years later, we’ve arrived at the eighth-generation model. Here’s how VW turned a humble hatchback to an icon.
Designed as a front-engined, front-wheel drive replacement for the Beetle, the Golf’s crisp lines were penned by famed designer Giorgetto Giugiaro. So instant was its success that by October 1976 the one millionth Golf had already rolled off the production line.
The Golf was a neat and efficient family car, but thanks to the efforts of a small group of enthusiastic VW engineers it became a bone fide performance car too. An after-hours project for a ‘Sport Golf’ grew into the Golf GTI, released in the late 1970s and kicking off the hot hatch boom which continues to this day.
Giugiaro’s design was sympathetically updated by VW’s in-house design team for the longer and wider Mk2 Golf, which arrived in 1983. It went on to sell 6.3 million units before the arrival of the all-new Mk3 at the end of 1991.
It scooped the 1992 European Car of the Year award after the Mk2 Golf had previously lost out to the Peugeot 205 and Fiat Uno. The plusher and more expensive Mk4 appeared in 1997, continuing the soft-edged styling theme with even smoother, rounder design language. The larger and faster Mk5 came along in 2003, subtly updated for the Mk6 in 2008.
There have been estate and drop-top versions too, the Golf Cabriolet and its distinctive basket-handle rollover bar (engineered out on the Mk6 Cabrio) originally being built by Karmann on a dedicated line.
Countless special editions have been released, with early ones some of the most sought-after by the Golf’s legion of hardcore fans. Models like the Mk2 Rallye, which combined VW’s supercharged G60 engine with its Syncro four-wheel drive system and the jacked-up soft-roader Golf Country are hugely collectable.
Even later models, such as the Mk4 20th Anniversary Edition and the later Edition 30 and Edition 35 command huge premiums, such is the regard that the Golf’s followers hold them.
While the GTI would remain front-driven, VW offered all-wheel drive for the Mk4 R32. A 3.2-litre V6 powerplant made it the most powerful Golf variant at the time, and subsequent Golf R models would continue that trend, even after switching to a more powerful 2.0-litre four-cylinder engine. The Mk7 Golf R saw power boosted as far as 306bhp, and the eighth-generation version looks set to increase that even further.
“One of the keys to the Golf’s success lies in its continuity, says Walter de Silva, VW’s former Head of Design. “There are a handful of cars with a design that, like the Golf’s, has been refined, tweaked and enhanced down the decades and thus become timeless.” The only other cars which seem to come close to this description are the Porsche 911 and Range Rover – names not to be messed with.